In electromagnetism and electronics, inductance is the property of a conductor by which a change in current in the conductor creates (induces) a voltage (electromotive force) in both the conductor itself and in any nearby conductors.
This effect derives from two fundamental observations of physics: First, that a steady current creates a steady magnetic field (Oersted's law) and second, that a time-varying magnetic field induces a voltage in a nearby conductor (Faraday's law of induction). From Lenz's law, in an electric circuit, a changing electric current through a circuit that has inductance induces a proportional voltage which opposes the change in current (self-inductance). The varying field in this circuit may also induce an e.m.f. in a neighbouring circuit (mutual inductance).Read more